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Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Division
Hydrogen Generation & Dispensing Facility
  • Hydrogen promises to be a Green Fuel for the sustainable development. As we have learnt in the High School Hydrogen combusts to give only water. As a fuel when the Hydrogen gas is burnt in the Combustion Engineit gives water and no Hydro carbon/ CO2/CO emissions are present.The Hydrogen Division of NISE at present has a Solar based Hydrogen Generating Facility. We have a 5Nm3/hr capacity of Electrolyser for our Hydrogen Dispensing station. The Alkaline based Electrolyser uses the Ground water and with Electricity generated from Solar Power plant we produce Hydrogen of 99.9999% purity [Fuel cell grade]. NISE boasts of the state of the art infrastructure for the Hydrogen Facility. This is the India‚Äôs first Solar Based Hydrogen Generating facility, unlike other Hydrogen stations worldwide Hydrogen station is directly coupled to the Solar Power plant. As of now only very few Hydrogen station operate in Directly Coupled mode.
Fuel Cells Testing Laboratory at NISE
  • A fuel cell is a device that converts the chemical energy from a fuel into electricity through a chemical reaction. Unlike batteries Fuel cell require a continuous source of fuel and oxygen or air to sustain the chemical reaction, although in a battery the chemicals present in the battery react with each other to produce an electromotive force. Fuel cells can produce electricity uninterruptedly for as long as these inputs are provided. There are many types of fuel cells, but they all consist of an anode, a cathode, and an electrolyte that allow protons (positively charged hydrogen ions) to move between the two sides of the fuel cell. The anode and cathode contain catalysts that cause the fuel to undergo oxidation reactions that generate positive hydrogen ions and electrons. The hydrogen ions are drawn through the electrolyte after the reaction. At the same time, electrons are drawn from the anode to the cathode through an external circuit, producing direct current electricity. At the cathode, hydrogen ions, electrons, and oxygen react to form water. Fuel cells are used for primary and backup power for commercial, industrial and residential buildings and in remote or inaccessible areas. They are also used to power fuel-cell vehicles, including forklifts, automobiles, buses, boats, motorcycles.
  • NISE is establishing a Fuel Cell Testing Laboratory for Research &Development, testing of various types of Fuel Cells, monitoring & evaluation to study the performance of the Fuel Cell Components & systems at different capacities, comparison of different kind of fuel cells in India and their techno-economic viability, development of test protocols for various type of Fuel Cells and development of standards for Indian conditions. The Centre will be a full-fledged Research and Technology facility with wide ranging laboratory and workshop facilities for research and prototype testing.
Fig1: A Basic Fuel Cell Diagram
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